A Feb. 21, 2013 article in Rewire reports on a breakthrough in power storage that hold the promise to change the world. Researchers at UCLA have found a way to create what is in effect a super capacitor that can be charged quickly and will hold more electricity than standard batteries. What’s more, it is made with Graphene, a simply carbon polymer that, unlike batteries that have toxic metals in them, is environmentally benign and is not only biodegradable but compostable.
The researchers expect that the manufacturing process for the Graphene super capacitor can be refined for mass production.
The real world applications of an energy storage device that can be charged quickly and can hold as much if not more electricity as batteries is mind blowing.
For instance, electronic devices such as cell phones and tablet computers can be charged in seconds and not for hours and would hold…
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All versions of the periodic table include only chemical elements, not mixtures, compounds, or subatomic particles.[n 1] Each chemical element has a unique atomic number representing the number of protons in its nucleus. Most elements have differing numbers of neutrons among different atoms, with these variants being referred to as isotopes. For example, carbon has three naturally occurring isotopes: all of its atoms have six protons and most have six neutrons as well, but about one per cent have seven neutrons, and a very small fraction have eight neutrons. Isotopes are never separated in the periodic table; they are always grouped together under a single element. Elements with no stable isotopes have the atomic masses of their most stable isotopes, where such masses are shown, listed in parentheses.
In the standard periodic table, the elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number (the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom). A new row (period) is started when a new electron shell has its first electron. Columns (groups) are determined by the electron configuration of the atom; elements with the same number of electrons in a particular subshell fall into the same columns (e.g. oxygen and selenium are in the same column because they both have four electrons in the outermost p-subshell). Elements with similar chemical properties generally fall into the same group in the periodic table, although in the f-block, and to some respect in the d-block, the elements in the same period tend to have similar properties, as well. Thus, it is relatively easy to predict the chemical properties of an element if one knows the properties of the elements around it.
As of 2012, the periodic table contains 118 confirmed chemical elements. Of these elements, 114 have been officially recognized and named by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). A total of 98 of these occur naturally, of which 84 are primordial. The other 14 natural elements only occur in decay chains of primordial elements All elements from einsteinium to copernicium, as well as flerovium and livermorium, while not occurring naturally in the universe, have been duly synthesized and officially recognized by the IUPAC. Elements 113, 115, 117 and 118 have reportedly been synthesized in laboratories but these reports have not yet been confirmed. As such these elements are currently known only by their systematic element names, based on their atomic numbers. No element heavier than einsteinium (element 99) has ever been observed in macroscopic quantities in its pure form. No elements past 118 have been synthesized as of 2012.
The Higgs boson or Higgs particle is a theoretical elementary particle predicted to exist by the Standard Model of particle physics. Experiments to detect the Higgs boson resulted in the discovery of a new, previously unknown boson during 2012; however, contrary to widespread misreporting, the new particle is still being studied as of 2013 to learn whether it is the Higgs boson or not. Confirmation that the Higgs boson exists would be monumental since it would finally prove the existence of the Higgs field,the Standard Model’s explanation of why some fundamental particles have mass when ‘naive’ theory says they should be massless, and – linked to this – why the weak force has a much shorter range than the electromagnetic force. Its discovery would validate the final unconfirmed part of the Standard Model, guide other theories and discoveries in particle physics, and – as with other fundamental discoveries of the past – potentially over time lead to developments in “new” physics, and new technology.
Think of the brain power represented in this one image. Imagine being a fly on the wall!
Image taken at the 1927 Solvay Conference.
Fifteen year old US high schooler Jack Andraka has invented an advanced pancreatic cancer test using search engines and open access journal papers.
His test is 168 times faster, and 1,000 times less expensive than the currently used test. He won a $75,000 grant for his creation and will be carrying our further research at the Johns Hopkins University.
He claims that the idea came to him as he was “chilling out in biology class”.
Note: there’s been a few people saying he should have got more than $75,000. Please note that this grant is for further research into his test, which he will be conducting himself. He is patenting his creation and I’m sure he will receive many more bursaries and grants in the future.
A physicist recently proposed to his physicist girlfriend by writing a scientific paper.
Full size version here: http://bit.ly/Yye3IE